Whether you’re looking for a new home in the market or looking to upgrade older household items like a dishwasher or refrigerator, it’s good to have an idea of when large appliances are likely to reach their expiration dates. Even if your stove or dryer is not up to date, you may want to upgrade to improve the design of your home. Maybe there’s a new technology on the horizon that you just can’t live without?
Whatever the reason, we’ve broken down several key device categories to give you a better idea of how long your devices are expected to last.
Dishwasher: 9 to 13 years
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The average dishwasher will last about nine years, but can last 10 to 13 years with proper maintenance. In this case, “proper maintenance” means operating the dishwasher regularly and cleaning its components properly. When dishwashers fail, it is often due to a worn gasket which is causing further internal problems. Regular use helps keep these rubberized parts more satisfied.
Dishwashers in particular have little relationship between price and durability. The more electronics and components you add, the more things can sometimes fail. For the longest-lasting dishwasher, look for those with quality parts that will resist rust and wear and tear in the pump and piping components where operation matters more than style.
Oven ranges: 13 to 15 years
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The stove area is just the first device on our list where fuel type plays a major role. Electric stoves use heating elements that are more likely to crack and fail over time. Gas stoves now have simple ignition systems and can usually survive the years more easily. Bob Vila reports that you can expect your gas range to be around 15 years and your electric range to be around 13 years.
Microwaves: 9 to 10 years
Microwaves last between nine and 10 years in most kitchens. While a microwave is quite a complex piece of equipment, there isn’t much you can do to improve its lifespan other than keeping it clean and being gentle with the door. The Complete Home Warranty team also recommends a few other precautions, such as: B. Covering your groceries to avoid messy sauce explosions and making sure the outside stays clean too.
Fridges and freezers: 11 to 19 years old
The refrigerator is all about what type you have. A refrigerator with the usual side doors – one for cooling, one for freezing – actually has the worst lifespan of around 14 years. Those with a top freezer can last 17 years. A single door refrigerator may be a rare sight these days, but it has the best life expectancy of all at 19. As you can imagine, the harder the refrigerator has to work to cool down, the faster the more important components like the compressor wear out.
A freezer understandably has to work a lot harder to cool than a refrigerator. Because of this, the average lifespan of a freezer is around 11 years.
Waste disposal: 12 years
Most garbage disposals will take about 12 years. However, maintenance is especially important when it comes to the longevity of disposal. We know that you cannot control how your disposal was used before you moved in. However, always remember to only dispose of the correct food and never throw in coffee grounds, rice, fat or thick vegetable fibers. These can ruin your disposal and lead to your premature death.
This may be why some companies like Mr. Rooter report that garbage disposal typically only takes about 9 years. Meanwhile, companies like Yale Appliance have researched first year sales versus warranty and reported that garbage disposal is actually one of the most reliable devices they have come across. The secret is probably in the maintenance!
As we move away from kitchen appliances, it’s worth noting that Yale Appliance’s study also found Wolf, Thermador, KitchenAid, and Maytag were among the most reliable brands out there.
Washing machines and dryers: 10 to 14 years
We put washer and dryer together because their life expectancy is similar and most people consider them a package deal anyway. A washing machine will typically last 10 to 14 years while a dryer will last 10 to 13 years. (These heating components tend to be a little more fragile.)
Two things are important when it comes to your cleaning equipment. The first is how often they are used: if you have a family of half a dozen members and you do a lot of laundry each week, you will likely only make it up to 10 years. The other important factor is, surprisingly, front loaders versus top loaders. While there is some disagreement on this, top loading washing machines seem to last longer than front loading.
Water heater: 10 to 25 years
The key question here is: what type are you? A water heater without a tank, which can only heat water when needed, can easily last for over two decades. Electric gas heating usually lasts about 10 years. Gas heating is a bit more durable, but life expectancy is not much longer. A better way to extend the life of your heater is to drive without a tank at all. Bob Vila reports that most instantaneous water heaters will run for around 20 years.
The type of water you have around you is also important. Hard water contains many minerals that precipitate in the heat and can cause scale issues and fouling that can slowly ruin the water heaters over time. When a heating system uses well water, the extra sediment can create additional problems and shorten its lifespan even further.
Ovens: 15 to 18 years
Stoves also have a lifespan, which largely depends on the type – in this case the fuel source. A gas oven usually lasts about three years longer than an electric oven (and uses far less energy). As with stove stoves, this happens because gas is generally a more efficient heating fuel with fewer fragile parts.
This is also an opportunity when newer devices outlive older models. This is because newer ovens are usually far more efficient and can do the same heating in less time and with less wear and tear.
HVAC: Varies, but typically around 15 years
There’s nothing worse than huddling under mountains of blankets because your home’s air system has decided to bite the dust. Your heating, ventilation and air conditioning components need regular maintenance to ensure smooth, annual operation. Even if you work freely, This Old House reports that your HVAC components may not work for more than 15-25 years.